We have four types of climate in Egypt: Mediterranean on the coast near Alexandria, semi-desert near Cairo, temperate along the Nile Valley and desert in the south of the country.
Most of the country has an extremely dry climate, tropical, and if it were not for the Nile, Egypt would be a desert and almost uninhabited country. The annual rainfall here usually does not exceed several dozen millimeters, It hardly ever rains south of Cairo, and only in Sinai there are short ones, albeit heavy rains.
The artificial irrigation system developed in Egypt for thousands of years significantly increases the area of arable land and thanks to it it stretches along the river along the length of almost 3000 kilometers green, superb oasis. W 1970 In the same year, the irrigation system was expanded by creating a dam on the Nile in Aswan, artificial reservoir and hydroelectric power plant.
Outside of the Nile Valley, however, the climate is extremely inhospitable to humans, side (from May to October) it is hot and dry, with frequent sharp drops in temperature at night, and in the spring (April June) blowing hot, unpleasant desert wind chamsin, carrying desert dust and sandstorms. Only winter is characterized by tolerable temperatures, which in January amount to approx 12-14 st. C, Even heavy snowfall occurs in the Nile delta and on the north coast.
For tourists, the best times to visit Egypt are October-November and March-June, although the most favorable weather is between November and February. However, so many people come to Egypt during winter and summer holidays, that then it is difficult to find yourself in this huge crowd and visiting cultural monuments ceases to be a pleasure. Late autumn and early spring provide the most opportunities for a peaceful rest and free sightseeing of the country, and then the temperature is still quite bearable.