Egypt – a country located partly in Northeast Africa and partly in Asia ( Sinai Peninsula ), on the Mediterranean Sea and the Red Sea , between Libya and Israel and the Gaza Strip. Is; is one of the oldest civilizations in the world, now Egypt plays a leading role among the Arab states of Africa. He is a mediator in the conflict between Palestinians and Jews. It conducts Israel's peace policy and tries to strengthen cooperation with the countries of the European Union and the United States. W 1991 r. Egypt participated in the war against Iraq, for which he received economic aid

:: Basic data


Official language Arabic
Capital Cairo
Political system republic
President of the head of state Hosni Mubarak
Prime Minister of the Prime Minister. Ahmed Nazif
Surface 29. in the world
• whole 1 001 450 km2
• inland waters 0,6%
The length of the borders:
whole 2689 km
• whole 1 001 450 km2
• the Gaza Strip 11 km
• Israel 255 km
• Libya 1150 km
• Sudan 1273 km
The length of the coast: 2450 km
The highest point: Saint Catherine's Mountain 2629 m n.p.m.
Lowest point: Al-Kattara 134 m p.p.m.
Urbanization rate: 44% (1996)
Population (VIII 2007) 15. in the world
• whole 80 335 000
• density of population 79,8 people / km2
• nationality Fellahowie, Copts
Religion: Muslims (Sunni Muslims dominate) 94%, Coptic Christians and others 6%
Independence from Great Britain 28 February 1922
Monetary unit Egyptian pound (EGP)
Time zone UTC +2 – winter
UTC+3 – side
But ISO 3166 EG
Internet domain .eg
Car code AND
Telephone code +20

:: Language

The official language is Arabic. English can be heard more and more in tourist places, be french. Unfortunately, it is not possible to communicate easily everywhere, but the Egyptians are kind and helpful. Just give them the name of the street, and they will try to explain, where is she located. Sometimes they will even bring a foreigner, to make sure, whether he found the right place.

:: System

Egypt is a republic, the head of state is performed by the president appointed by the parliament for a 6-year term. The election is approved in a nationwide referendum. The head of state is President Hosni Mubarak, and Prime Minister Ahmed Nazif.
Jednoizbowy parliament – National Assembly (People's Council) with 454 deputies, exercises legislative power. The advisory function towards the parliament is performed by the 210-person Consultative Council (sura) – 2/3 its composition is elected by the general public, while 1/3 is appointed by the president, half of the council is replaced, co 3 patch. Executive power is vested in the government.
The legal system is based on law: Anglosaskim, Islamic law and the Napoleonic Code.

:: An administrative division

An administrative division: 26 governorates (protection)

Lp Name Surface (km²) Population Capital
1 Ad-Dakahlija 3,471 5,005,277 Mansura
2 Red Sea 203,685 192,469 Hurghada
3 Al-Buhajra 10,130 4,773,196 Damanhur
4 Fajum 1,827 2,478,230 Fajum
5 Al-Gharbija 1,942 3,980,509 So much
6 Alexandria 2,679 3,865,502 Alexandria
7 Ismailia 1,442 882,247 Ismailia
8 Giza 85,153 5,760,651 Giza
9 Al-Minufija 1,532 3,285,491 Szibin al-Hardly
10 Minja 32,279 3,700,000 Al-Minja
11 Cairo 214 7,836,243 Cairo
12 Al-kaljubija 1,001 3,956,791 Lard
13 Luxor 55 430,214 Luxor
14 New Valley 376,505 172,939 Charga
15 Ass-Sarkia 4,180 5,208,052 Zagazig
16 Suez 17,840 497,421 Suez
17 Aswan 679 1,133,886 Aswan
18 Asjut 25,926 3,100,000 Asjut
19 Bani Suwajf 1,322 2,304,563 Bani Suwajf
20 Port Said 72 546,776 Port Said
21 Damietta 589 1,095,528 Damietta
22 South Sinai 33,140 149,335 At-Tur
23 Kafr al-Shaikh 3,437 2,629,491 Kafr al-Shaikh
24 Matruh 212,112 276,261 Matruh
25 China 1,796 2,995,664 China
26 North Sinai 27,574 339,752 Arisz
27 Sauhadż 1,547 3,899,304 Sauhadż

:: Economy

Egypt is an underdeveloped country. Services are the basis of the economy, especially touristy. In order to facilitate the development of tourism, the government has set up a tourist police, which is to watch over the safety of tourists. Oil exports and the revenues from the exploitation of the Suez Canal also play an important role in the Egyptian economy.

The most heavily industrialized area of ​​Lower Egypt is marked by three cities: Cairo, Alexandria and Suez, while Upper Egypt has an industrial center in Aswan. Egypt has significant deposits of natural resources. The base is crude oil from deposits on the Sinai Peninsula.
There are limestones all over the country. In addition, natural gas is mined, located in the area of ​​the Nile delta and from submarine deposits. Intense in the Nile valley and delta, irrigated agriculture (Cotton, cereals, sugarcane).

Inflation in Egypt is around 7%, it is not distributed evenly. The prices of luxury goods are rising faster than the costs of public transport, fuel and staple foods.

:: Demography

Egypt is the most populous Arab country and the second most populous country in Africa. The average population density is low, and the population distribution is very uneven. Most of the country is almost uninhabited, and in agricultural areas it is one of the largest in the world. There are approx 47% population – Cairo, the capital of the country and the largest city in Africa, together with the neighboring towns, it has over 16 million inhabitants, that is almost 30% The population is made up of the vast majority of Arab Egyptians - the Fellahs (99% in general), Berber tribes can be found in the area of ​​the Western Desert , isolated negroid settlements in the upper Nile valley.

Population: 77 505 756 (2005)
Age structure: 0-14 years 33%; 15-64 years 62,6%; more than 65 years 4,4% (2005)
Birthrate: 1,78‰ (2005)
Gender structure: 1,05 men on 1 woman (2005)
Infant mortality: 32,59 deaths per thousand births (2005)
Length of life: 71 years (2005)
Life expectancy of men: 68,5 years (2005)
Women's life expectancy: 73,62 years (2005)
Fertility: 2,88 children for one woman (2005)
Ethnic groups: the earned descendants of the ancient Egyptians 99%, including Koptów 6%, Greeks, Nubians, Armenians and Europeans (mainly Italians and French) 1%
Religious groups: Muslims (mostly Sunni) 94%, Christian Copts and others 6%
Illiteracy: 46,3% (2003)
Male literacy: 31,7% (2003)
Women's literacy rate: 53,1% (2003)